15-12-9 for Time:
Double KB High-Pull (24 kg)
Samuel Rutherford (1600-1661), was an English leader, who, in 1644, wrote the tremendously influential book Lex, Rex or The Law and the Prince. This book challenged the “divine right of kings.” which said the king was God’s appointed regent. Rutherford stated instead that all men, even the king, were under the law and not above it. He agreed tht rulers derived their authority from God, as written in Romans 13:1-4, but he stressed that God gives this authority through the people. He cited the following biblical passages in support:
II Samuel 16:18, ‘Hushai said to Absalom, Nay, but whom the Lord and the people, and all the men of Israel choose,, his will I be, and with him will I abide’; Judges 8:22, ‘The men of Israel said to Gideon, Rule thou over us’; Judges 9:6, ‘The mend of Shechem made Abimelech king’; II Kings 14:21, ‘The people make Azariah king’; I Samuel 12:1, II Chronicles 23:7.
This book, which created an immediate controversy, was banned in Scotland and publicly burned in England. Rutherford, who was one of the Scottish commissioners at Westminster Abbey in London and Rector of St. Andrew’s Church in Scotland,, was placed under house arrest and summoned to trial before the Parliament in Edinburgh. He died shortly thereafter, before the orders could be carried out. In his book, Lex, Rex, Samuel Rutherford introduced the political concept: “All Men are created equal.”